Mexico – Traditions and customs
What can you say about Mexico without looking through an encyclopedia? Poncho, sombrero, tequila, mariachi, desert, cactuses… An image created, mostly, by the movies. But maybe you didn’t know about the Náhuatl, Mayans, Zapotecs, Mixtecs, Otoms, Totonaca, Mazahua and Mazatecs… And these are only a few of the indigenous populations from Mexico each with their own customs and traditions. Starting February 3, 2011, at the Calarasi Dunarii de Jos Museum, Mexico is shown to you as you’ve probably never seen it before: ceramic statues and bowls, vividly colored canvases, jewelry and clothing objects, braided baskets and painted trunks, toys and masks, glass, wooden sculpted statues, Amate paper paintings – the earth’s sap, arrows with feathers, but also…the Gods of Rain.
The exposition, created in partnership with the Embassy of Mexico in Romania, was open at the Romanian Peasant’s National Museum starting May 15 until July 31 2010 and it was also itinerated at the Slobozia National Agriculture Museum and the Prahova Archeology and History County Museum. The Romanian Peasant’s National Museum treasures in its patrimony the Foreign Countries Collection which reunites representative objects for traditional creation of some European and extra – European nations or ethnicities. The Foreign Countries Collection developed starting 1959 around a modest fund transferred from the Bucharest Toma Stelian Museum. Throughout two decades, through the bilateral cultural exchange politics of Romania with other states and under the supervision of a striking name of Romanian ethnography, the one of Tancred Banateanu, this fund enriched, presently reuniting approximately four thousand objects which express in a non verbal dialogue the cultural diversity of the World. In the socio-political context of the Romania of the penultimate decade of the last century the fund of the Foreign Countries Collection was presented to the public in the expositional circuit of the Sibiu Astra Museum, but this unnatural conjecture was corrected by returning of the Collection to the museum in 1990. In this context the Mexican folk culture is expressed through the five hundred pieces that made the object of the cultural exchange between Romania and Mexico in 1967. In the mentioned year in Ciudad de Mexico “The days of friendship with Romania” were celebrated, moment which allowed the Mexican public to know the values of the Romanian culture through the study of Armando de Maria y Campos dedicated to the work of Ion Luca Caragiale, through the anthology of Romanian poetry translated by G.L. Arzubide and by opening the „Permanent exposition of Romanian ethnography” at the Museo Nacional de las Culturas (The National Museum of Cultures), exposition which reunited pieces of ceramic, canvases, wooden objects, folk costumes. The exposition Mexico – Traditions and customs, opened at the Calarasi Dunarii de Jos Museum, illustrates the ethnic diversity of the contemporary Mexico. Defining itself through the second article of the Constitution of 1917 as a multicultural state, Mexico admits “the right of the indigenous communities to keep and enrich their language” therefore today along side Spanish there are recognized as national languages the 63 languages of the Amerindians indigenes as well. From this vast community multilingual and multicultural reunite in the thematic frame of the exposition Mexican folk art objects which make themselves as an example of the spiritual dimension of the people who leavened them. The Mexican folk culture expresses in its complexity through one word born in the new-Latin language of the conquistadors, through the Spanish amasamiento – kneading. Because from the perpetual search of the human spirit, the courage to cross the infinite waters of the Orbis Terrarum in search of new worlds was born. The New World unveiled its splendors in the 16th century at the Court of a Spain in which the twilight of the same century from the Latin East of the Old World arrived, through the work of Lope de Vega y Carpio news about „El prodigioso principe Transilvano” (The prodigious Transylvanian Prince ),the Romanian Vaivode Mihai Viteazul.