The Ethnography Museum in Brasov

Location: Eroilor Boulevard, number 27 A, Brasov City, Brasov County, Transylvania, Romania.

The Ethnography Museum in Brasov is open to the public in a building which dates back to the year 1902 and presents collections of ethnography and popular art defining for the south-eastern part of Transylvania.

The first art and ethnography collections in Brasov appeared at the end of the 19th century. These collections were private and were highlighting important aspects of the history, ethnography and art of Brasov and tara Barsei.

In 1908, following some important donations of some German collection owners, the first public museum collection is formed.  This collection was at the base of the founding of the German Museum of tara Barsei. It was founded due to the folk art collector Julius Teutsch.

The collection of the German Museum of tara Barsei is enriched in the period between the two world wars due to an important collection donated by the Honterus Gymnasium from Brasov. This collection included significant objects for the culture, civilization and art of the German community Brasov and tara Barsei.

In 1937, following an important research and collecting action of numerous ethnographic and folk art objects, the Museum of the Cultural Association Astra is founded.  

In 1950 the Regional Brasov Museum is founded, as a follow up to the unification of the collections of the German Museum of Tara Barsei and The Museum of the Cultural Association Astra. Later, in 1967, within the Regional Museum the Ethnography Section is formed.

The Ethnography Museum in Brasov is open to the public in his present form only in 1990. It presents two branches: the Sacele Ethnographic Museum and The Gheorghe Cernea Ethnographic Museum in Rupea, together with which it offers a complete image over the life and civilization in the south-east area of Transylvania. The third branch, The Urbane Civilization Museum of Brasov, presents through the museum objects the urbane way of life on the course of three centuries.

The Ethnography Museum in Brasov presents a number of approximately 21000 museum objects, structured in diverse collections, like the textile and folk costumes’ collection, the wood, metal, ceramic, glass, painted eggs, toys, old photographs’ collection and a collection of documents. Within the museum there were organized a library, a photo archive and an audio-video archive.

The expositions of the Ethnography Museum in Brasov are permanent, as well as temporary. The permanent exposition, The Textile Patrimony, was organized in 1990 and it presents the evolution of the textile cloth throughout the years, as well as the way of life and clothing of the inhabitants of the Transylvanian area. Within the Textile patrimony exposition an important place is occupied by the fair specific to the Transylvanian area, especially the reconstructed stall, used in the past for selling the textile products.

Among the temporary of the Ethnography Museum in Brasov we count „Lisa, a village in the Olt Country”, “The Civilization of Bread- agricultural practices and rituals form the south of Transylvania”, “Professor Dimitrie Gusti in the memory of Dragus” or „ The close foreigners – homage to Jean Cuisenier at 80 years old” or „ Contemporary Villages”.

Within the Ethnography Museum in Brasov there are organized in collaboration with different primary and gymnasium schools a series of activities and workshops with educational purposes, among which we name the clay modeling workshop, the glass icon painting workshop and the weaving and doll confectioning workshop.

Through the fact it owns impressive ethnographic collections that present the culture and civilization of the Brasov and tara Barsei area, but also through organizing educational actions, this place becomes unique for any visitor that crosses the Ethnography Museum in Brasov.

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Written by Paul

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